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Eurasian Eagle-owl

Bubo bubo


Strididae, typical owl family

Conservation Status:

Least concern, IUCN


North Africa, Europe, The Middle East, and Asia


Wooded areas (coniferous forests), warm deserts, mountain ranges, and riverbeds


Eagle-owls have been compared to Golden eagles in their ferocity, hunting style and territorial aggression. They will often dominate most all birds of prey, even diurnal species (except Golden Eagles)

Eagle-owls are one of the largest owls in the world and are incredibly aggressive and powerful. They look very much like the Great Horned Owl, but are much bigger birds. Eagle-owls have a streaked breast and mottled brownish feathers. Some Eagle-owls have a lot of orange-brown feathers on the face, under parts, wings, and back. The Eurasian Eagle-owl, like most owls and raptors, has no color difference between the sexes. Their large eyes are a brilliant orange-yellow or a deep, fiery orange.

Eagle Owls typically prey upon medium-sized mammals and birds such as opossums, hares, foxes, ducks, quail and pheasant. They seem to prefer rabbits and hares. They will also eat insects and small rodents. They are primarily nocturnal hunters and have various hunting techniques. They take their prey in flight or on the ground. Like most owls, Eagle-owls have excellent hearing and night vision. They have prominent ear tufts that are usually not raised upright. Because of this, their feather tufts probably help them more with communication and recognition than camouflage. Owl wings have evolved to make very little noise when flapping.

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