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Cahuilla Ethno-botanical Garden

The Cahuilla Indians made the Coachella Valley and the surrounding mountains their home. The plants in this garden were used by the Cahuilla for food, fiber, medicine and building materials. Tiles identify the plants and describe their manner of use. The kish in this garden is a reconstruction of a traditional Cahuilla Indian dwelling house. It is designed to allow air flow in summer, and be adobed for warmth in winter.

The garden includes interpretive signs describing the various facets of Cahuilla life: the palm oases, the Cahuilla kitchen, the Cahuilla house, Cahuilla storytelling, arrow maker/ hunter, Cahuilla medicine and finally an interpretive sign describing our Native American vegetable garden.

Link to foxpaws articles:

New Beginnings for Old Ways – The Cahuilla Garden

Seeds of Change

Botanical Name Common Name Family
Adenostoma sparsifolium Ribbonwood Rosaceae
Agave deserti Desert Agave Asparagaceae
Ambrosia salsola Cheesebush Asteraceae
Amelanchier utahensis Western Serviceberry Roseaceae
Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa Saururaceae
Arctostaphylos glauca Big Berry Manzanita Ericaceae
Artemisia californica California Sagebrush Asteraceae
Artemisia tridentata Big Basin Sagebrush Asteraceae
Atriplex lentiformis Quail Bush Chenopodiaceae
Bursera microphylla Elephant Tree, Torote Blanco Burseraceae
Caspicum annum Chiltepin, Tepin Solanaceae
Chilopsis linearis Desert Willow Bignoniaceae
Chlorogalum sp. Soap Plant Asparagaceae
Cucurbita foetidissima Calabazilla Cucurbitaceae
Cylindropuntia acanthocarpa Buckhorn Cholla, Staghorn Cholla Cactaceae
Cylindropuntia bigelovii Jumping Cholla, Teddybear Cholla Cactaceae
Cylindropuntia californica var. parkeri Valley Cholla Cactaceae
Cylindropuntia ramosissima Diamond Cholla, Darning Needle Cholla Cactaceae
Echinocereus engelmannii Calico Hedgehog Cactus Cactaceae
Encelia farinosa Brittlebush Asteraceae
Ephedra nevadensis Mormon Tea Ephedraceae
Equisetum hyemale Horsetail Equisetaceae
Ericameria nauseosa Rubber Rabbitbrush Asteraceae
Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat Polygalaceae
Eriophyllum confertiflorum Golden Yarrow Asteraceae
Ferocactus cylindraceus California Barrel Cactus, Compass Barrel Cactaceae
Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo Fouquieraceae
Frangula californica Coffeeberry Rhamnaceae
Gutierrezia sarothrae Matchweed Asteraceae
Helianthus annuus Hopi Black Dye Asteraceae
Hesperoyucca whipplei Our Lord’s Candle, Chaparral Yucca Asparagaceae
Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon Rosaceae
Hymenocallis sp. Spider Lily Amaryllidaceae
Hyptis emoryi Desert Lavender Lamiaceae
Isocoma acradenia Alkali Goldenbush Asteraceae
Juncus sp. Rush Juncaceae
Juniperus californica California Juniper Cupressaceae
Justicia californica Chuparosa Acanthaceae
Larrea tridentata Creosote Bush Zygophyllaceae
Lycium andersonii Desert Wolfberry, Anderson’s Wolfberry Solanaceae
Muhlenbergia rigens Deer Grass Poaceae
Nicotiana obtusifolia Desert Tobacco Solanaceae
Nolina parryi Parry’s Nolina Asparagaceae
Olneya tesota Ironwood Fabaceae
Opuntia basilaris Beavertail Cactus Cactaceae
Opuntia phaeacantha Brown-spined Prickly Pear Cactaceae
Parkinsonia florida Blue Palo Verde Fabaceae
Penstemon parryi Parry’s Penstemon Plantaginaceae
Peritoma arborea (syn. Isomeris arborea) Bladderpod Cleomaceae
Pinus eldarica Afghan Pine Pinaceae
Pluchea sericea Arrowweed Asteraceae
Populus fremontii ssp. fremontii Fremont Cottonwood Salicaceae
Prosopis glandulosa var. torreyana Western Honey Mesquite Fabaceae
Prosopis pubescens Screwbean Mesquite Fabaceae
Prunus fasciculata Desert Almond Rosaceae
Prunus fremontii Desert Apricot Rosaceae
Prunus virginiana Western Choke Cherry Rosaceae
Psorothamnus emoryii Dyeweed Fabaceae
Quercus agrifolia Coast Live Oak Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Scrub Oak Fagaceae
Rhamnus crocea Redberry Rhamnaceae
Rhus aromatica Fragrant Sumac, Basketweed Anacardiaceae
Rhus integrifolia Lemonade Berry Anacardiaceae
Rhus ovata Sugar Bush Anacardiaceae
Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Golden Current Grossulariaceae
Ribes indecorum White Flowered Current Grossulariaceae
Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Current Grossulariaceae
Rosa californica California Wild Rose Rosaceae
Rubus ursinus California Blackberry Rosaceae
Salix exigua Seep Willow, Coyote Willow Salicaceae
Salvia apiana White Sage Lamiaceae
Salvia mellifera Black Sage Lamiaceae
Sambucus nigra var. caerulea Elderberry Adoxaceae
Schoenoplectus americanus Olney’s Bulrush Cyperaceae
Senegalia greggii (syn. Acacia greggii) Cat’s Claw Acacia Fabaceae
Simmondsia chinensis Jojoba, Goatnut Simmondsiaceae
Solidago velutina ssp. californica California Goldenrod Asteraceae
Typha sp. Cattail Typhaceae
Vitis girdiana Desert Grape Vitaceae
Washingtonia filifera Desert Fan Palm, California Fan Palm Arecaceae
Yucca schidigera Mojave Yucca Asparagaceae
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