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Foothills of Sonora Garden

The Foothills of Sonora region was originally defined as one of the seven subdivisions of the Sonoran Desert by preeminent desert ecologist Forrest Shreeve. It has since been reclassified as thornscrub or Sinaloan thornscrub and is no longer considered a desert biome. Sinaloan thornscrub serves as the transitional vegetation between the Sonoran Desert proper on the Plains of Sonora to the west and Arizona Upland in northern Sonora, Madrean oak woodlands to the east and the most northern reaches of tropical deciduous forest on the slopes of the Sierra Madre in southeastern Sonora. Thornscrub is said to be the Mother of the Sonoran Desert and the tropical deciduous forest its Grandmother. The region receives enough rainfall, up to twenty inches per year, to support larger plant forms and is noted for its abundance of small trees and columnar cacti.

Link to foxpaws article: Foothills of Sonora

Botanical Name Common Name Family
Agave angustifolia Mescal Agave Asparagaceae
Agave shrevei ssp. magna Mescal Blanco Asparagaceae
Agave vilmoriniana Octopus Agave Asparagaceae
Agave zebra Zebra Agave Asparagaceae
Ambrosia ambrosioides Canyon Ragweed Asteraceae
Ambrosia salsola Cheesebush Asteraceae
Anisacanthus andersonii Anderson’s Honeysuckle, Limita Acanthaceae
Asclepias subulata Desert Milkweed, Rush Milkweed Apocynaceae
Baccharis sarothroides Desert Broom Asteraceae
Baileya multiradiata Desert Marigold Asteraceae
Bonellia macrocarpa ssp. pungens (syn. Jacquinia pungens) San Juanito, Picuna Theophrastaceae
Bouteloua gracilis Blue Grama Grass Poaceae
Brickellia desertorum Desert Brickellbush Asteraceae
Brongniartia alamosana Alamos Pea Tree Fabaceae
Bursera fagaroides Fragrant Elephant Tree Burseraceae
Bursera fagaroides var. elongata Torote Blanco Burseraceae
Bursera grandifolia Palo Mulato Burseraceae
Bursera hindsiana Copal Burseraceae
Bursera laxiflora Torote Prieto Burseraceae
Bursera microphylla Elephant Tree, Torote Blanco Burseraceae
Bursera penicillata Torote Incienso, Anise-scented Bursera Burseraceae
Caesalpinia platyloba Palo Colorado Fabaceae
Caesalpinia pumila Copper Bird of Paradise Fabaceae
Calamagrostis x acutiflora Karl Foerster Feather Reed Grass Poaceae
Calliandra californica Baja Fairy Duster Fabaceae
Calliandra eriophylla Pink Fairy Duster Fabaceae
Carnegiea gigantea Saguaro Cactaceae
Ceiba aesculifolia ssp. aesculifolia Silk Cotton Tree, Kapok Malvaceae
Cephalocereus alensis Pitahaya Barbona Cactaceae
Chloroleucon tortum (syn. Pithecellobium tortum) Jurema Fabaceae
Cordia parvifolia Little Leaf Cordia Boraginaceae
Coursetia glandulosa Baby Bonnets Fabaceae
Cylindropuntia arbuscula Pencil Cholla Cactaceae
Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata Chain Fruit Cholla Cactaceae
Dasylirion wheeleri Desert Spoon, Sotol Asparagaceae
Diphysa sp. Fabaceae
Dodonaea viscosa Hopbush Sapindaceae
Encelia farinosa Brittlebush Asteraceae
Erythrina flabelliformis Coral Bean, Chilicote Fabaceae
Eysenhardtia orthocarpa Sonoran Kidneywood Fabaceae
Ficus padifolia Sonoran Strangler Fig Moraceae
Fouquieria macdougalii Mexican Tree Ocotillo Fouquieraceae
Fouquieria splendens Ocotillo Fouquieraceae
Grusonia marenae (syn. Marenopuntia marenae) Sonoran Devil Cholla Cactaceae
Grusonia parishii Parish Cholla, Ground Mat Cholla Cactaceae
Guaiacum coulteri Guayacan Zygophyllaceae
Haematoxylum brasiletto Brazil Wood, Brasil Fabaceae
Havardia sonorae (syn. Pithecellobium sonorae) Sonoran Ebony Fabaceae
Hyptis emoryi Desert Lavender Lamiaceae
Jatropha cinerea Lomboy Euphorbiaceae
Jatropha cordata False Torote, Miguelito Euphorbiaceae
Jatropha cuneata Sangre de Drago Euphorbiaceae
Justicia candicans Red Justicia Acanthaceae
Lycium sp. Wolfberry Solanaceae
Lysiloma divaricata Mauto Fabaceae
Lysiloma watsonii (syn. Lysoloma thornberi, Lysiloma microphylla thornberi) Feather Bush Fabaceae
Mammillaria grahamii Pincushion Cactus Cactaceae
Mariosousa willardiana (syn. Acacia willardiana) Palo Blanco Fabaceae
Mascagnia macroptera Butterfly Vine, Yellow Orchid Vine Malpighiaceae
Melochia tomentosa Broomwood Malvaceae
Mimosa distachya var. laxiflora (syn. Mimosa laxiflora) Arizona Mimosa Fabaceae
Mimosa dysocarpa Velvet Pod Mimosa Fabaceae
Muhlenbergia dumosa Bamboo Muhly Poaceae
Nolina matapensis Sonoran Tree Beargrass Asparagaceae
Olneya tesota Ironwood Fabaceae
Opuntia macrocentra Black-spined Prickly Pear Cactaceae
Pachycereus pringlei Cardon, Sahueso Cactaceae
Pachycereus schottii Senita Cactaceae
Pachycereus schottii var. australis Senita Cactaceae
Pachycereus schottii var. schottii Senita Cactaceae
Parkinsonia florida Blue Palo Verde Fabaceae
Parkinsonia microphylla Little-leaf Palo Verde Fabaceae
Parkinsonia praecox Palo Brea Fabaceae
Parkinsonia x sonorae Sonoran Palo Verde Fabaceae
Pedilanthus macrocarpus Candelilla, Slipper Plant Euphorbiaceae
Petalonyx thurberi Sandpaper Plant Loasaceae
Pithecellobium dulce Guamuchil, Monkeypod Fabaceae
Plumbago scandens Summer Snow, Doctor Bush Plumbaginaceae
Prosopis glandulosa var. glandulosa Texas Honey Mesquite Fabaceae
Prosopis pubescens Screwbean Mesquite Fabaceae
Prosopis velutina Velvet Mesquite Fabaceae
Psorothamnus emoryii Dyeweed Fabaceae
Psorothamnus spinosus Smoke Tree Fabaceae
Randia echinocarpa Papache Rubiaceae
Ruellia californica Desert Ruellia Acanthaceae
Ruellia peninsularis Baja Ruellia Acanthaceae
Sabal uresana Sonoran Palmetto Arecaceae
Senegalia greggii (syn. Acacia greggii) Cat’s Claw Acacia Fabaceae
Senegalia occidentalis (syn. Acacia occidentalis) Sonora Tree Cat Claw Acacia Fabaceae
Senna pallida Twin-flowered Senna Fabaceae
Serjania mexicana Serpent’s Tooth Vine Sapindaceae
Stegnosperma scandens Tinta Stegnospermataceae
Stenocereus alamosensis Sina, Galloping Cactus Cactaceae
Stenocereus thurberi Organ Pipe Cactus Cactaceae
Tabebuia chrysantha Yellow Flowered Amapa Bignoniaceae
Tabebuia impetiginosa Pink Flowered Amapa Bignoniaceae
Tecoma stans var. stans Yellow Bells, Esperanza Bignoniaceae
Vachellia campechiana (syn. Acacia cochliacanth) Boat Thorn Acacia Fabaceae
Vachellia farnesiana (syn. Acacia farnesiana) Sweet Acacia Fabaceae
Vachellia pennatula (syn. Acacia pennatula) Fern Leaf Acacia, Feather Acacia Fabaceae
Vallesia baileyana Nacapule Jasmine Apocynaceae
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