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Kit Fox

Kit Fox at The Living Desert Zoo and Gardens. Click to see more.

Kit Fox

Vulpes macrotis


Canidae, dog and coyote family

Conservation Status

Least Concern, IUCN


Southwestern United States and northern and central Mexico


Desert scrub, chaparral, and grasslands


Kit foxes are the smallest member of the family Canidae in North America

A very small, pale, yellowish colored fox with big ears, pointed nose and long bushy black-tipped tail.  Being so small (3-4 lbs.), it is often confused with a coyote pup.  Kit fox is about 15-20 inches long, gray fox 20-30 inches.  Light sandy color (camouflage), heavily furred feet (for getting about on loose sand), great speed for short distances, agility of a cat combined with keen senses of hearing and smell, all add up to making the kit fox a most capable nocturnal predator on desert dunes.  Big ears help to dissipate heat in desert environment.

They like to rework a kangaroo rat burrow or dig its own in the sand, among the roots of a creosote bush or other plants for support.  Burrow serves as protection from daytime desert heat and aridity, wind and sandstorms. Burrow provides safety for young.  Nocturnal.  Active all year, does not hibernate.

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